Thorax Anatomy- Important Exam Questions

  1. Enumeration

Q. Enumerate the:

  • Contents of intercostal space.
  • Intercostal muscles and their action.
  • Contents of costal groove from above downwards.
  • Branches of internal thoracic artery.
  • Branches of a typical intercostal nerve.
  • medial branches from the thoracic part of sympathetic chain/trunk.
  • Differences between right and left lung.
  • Structures passing through the hilum of right lung.
  • Structures passing through the hilum of left lung.
  • Structures related to the mediastinal surface of right lung.
  • Structures related to the mediastinal surface of left lung.
  • Veins opening into right atrium.
  • Differences between right and left ventricle.
  •  Branches of right coronary artery.
  • branches of left coronary artery.
  • Tributaries of coronary sinus.
  • Branches of ascending aorta.
  • Branches of arch of aorta.
  • Main opening of diaphragm and structures passing through them.

2. Diagrams

Q. Draw labelled diagram  to show the following:

  •  Contents of a ypical intercostal space.
  •  Branches of a typical intercostal nerve.
  •  structures passing through the thoracic inlet (transverse section).
  •  Structures passing through hilum of right lung.
  •  Structures passing through hilum of left lung.
  •  A bronchopulmonary segment.
  • Bronchopulmonary segments of right lung.
  • Bronchopulmonary segments of left lung.
  •  Internal features of  right atrium.
  • Arterial supply of heart.
  • Venous drainage  of heart.

3. Short notes

Q. Write short note on/describe briefly the following:

  • Coronary arteries.
  • Venous drainage of heart.
  • Bronchopulmonary segments.
  • Pleural recesses.
  •  Transverse and oblique sinus of heart.
  • Azygous system of veins
  • Thoraco-abdominal diaphragm
  • superficial and deep cardiac plexuses.

4. Long Questions

Q. Describe  coronary arteries/ arterial supply of heart under the following headings:

  • Origin and course of  coronary arteries.
  • Branches and  distribution.
  • Cardiac dominance.
  • Applied.

Q. Describe bronchopulmary segments under the following headings:

  • Define bronchopulmonary segment.
  • Boundaries and contents of a  bronchopulmory segment.
  • Number and names of bronchopulmonary segments in right and left lung.
  • Applied anatomy.

 

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