Upper Limb – Important Questions


Q1. Enumerate the:

  • Structures piercing clavipectoral fascia.
  • Contents of axilla.
  • Branches of lateral cord of brachial plexus.
  • Branches of medial cord of brachial plexus.
  • Branches of posterior cord of brachial plexus.
  • Branches of  3rd part of axillary artery/axillary artery.
  • Muscles forming musculotendinous cuff/rotor cuff and their nerve supply.
  • Muscles of anterior/flexor compartment of arm and their nerve supply/ muscles supplied by musculocutaneous nerve.
  • Muscle attached to the medial border of scapula.
  • Structures attached to coracoid process of scapula.
  • Muscles responsible for abduction at shoulder joint.
  • Contents of cubital fossa.
  • Muscles supplied by median nerve in the forearm.
  • Muscles supplied by ulnar nerve in the forearm.
  • Muscles responsible for pronation and supination and their nerve supply.
  • Structures passing superficial to flexor retinaculum from lateral to medial .
  • Structures passing through carpal tunnel/deep to flexor retinaculum.
  • Structures passing deep to extensor retinaculum from lateral to medial.
  • Muscles supplied by median nerve in hand.
  • Muscles supplied by ulnar nerve in hand.

Q2. Write short notes on:

  1. Lymphatic drainage of mammary gland.
  2. Rotator cuff /musculotendinous cuff muscles.
  3. Abduction at shoulder joint.
  4. Cubital fossa
  5. Carpal tunnel
  6. Supination and pronation  of forearm
  7. Mid palmar spaces.
  8. Movements at first carpometacarpal joint.
  9. Elbow joint
  10. Radioulnar joints
  11. Lumbricals
  12. Interrossei

Q3. Draw labelled diagrams of the following:

  1. Brachial plexus.
  2. Anastomosis around scapula.
  3. Boundaries and contents of cubital fossa.
  4. Anastomosis around elbow.
  5.  Boundaries and contents of axilla.

Q4. Describe the brachial plexus under the following headings:

  1. Formation and parts
  2. Branches
  3. Applied aspect

Q5. Describe the cubital fossa under the following headings:

  1. Location
  2. Boundaries
  3. Contents
  4. Applied aspect

Q6. Describe the  shoulder joint  under the following headings:

  1.  Type and articular surfaces.
  2. Capsule and ligaments
  3. Movements and muscles producing them
  4. Applied aspect

Q7. Describe the  axillary/musculocutaneous/ulnar/radial/median nerve  under the following headings:

  1.  Origin and root value
  2. Course
  3.  Distribution/structures supplied
  4. Applied anatomy

Q8. Write  anatomical basis of :

  1. Erb’s paralysis
  2. Klumpke’s paralysis
  3. Winging of scapula
  4. Wrist drop
  5. Claw hand
  6. Carpal tunnel syndrome
  7. Student’s elbow
  8. Tennis elbow
  9. Pulsating scapula
  10. Median cubital vein is the vein of choice for venipuncture.
  11.  Mammary gland abcess is drained by radial incision.
  12. Infection of pulp space of digits may cause necrosis of distal 4/5th of terminal phalanx.
  13. Infections of thumb and little finger are more dangerous than  of the other fingers.






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