Pelvic viscera and Perineum-Important Questions

Q1. Enumerate the :

  • structures forming bouderies of perineum
  • contents of superficial perineal pouch.
  • contents of deep perineal pouch.
  • structures piercing perineal membrane in males.
  • structures piercing perineal membrane in females.
  •  structures forming lateral and medial boundaries of ischiorectal fossa.
  • contents of ischiorectal fossa.
  • muscles attached to perineal body.
  • posterior relations of urinary bladder in males and females.
  • structures opening into prostatic urethra.
  • lateral relations of  ovary.
  • parts of uterine tube.
  • contents of broad ligament.
  • supports of uterus.
  • parts of external anal sphincter.
  • supports of rectum.
  • branches of anterior division of internal iliac artery.
  • branches of external iliac artery.
  • posterior relations of rectum.
  • parts of male urethra.
  •  muscles forming pelvic diaphragm.

Q2. Draw labelled diagrams of the following:

  • structures piercing perineal membrane in males and females.
  • contents of superficial and deep perineal pouch.
  • muscles attached to the perineal body.
  • boundaries and contents of ischiorectal fossa.
  • contents of pudendal canal.
  • lobes of prostate gland and structures opening into prostatic urethra
  • boundaries of ovarian fossa.
  • normal position of uterus.
  • lymphatic drainage of uterus.
  • interior of anal canal.
  • venous drainage of rectum and anal canal.
  • sphincters of anal canal.

Q3. Write short notes on:

  • ischiorectal fossa.
  • pudendal canal
  • nerve supply of urinary bladder.
  • venous drainage of prostate gland.
  •  broad ligament.
  • supports of uterus.
  • lymphatic drainage of uterus.
  • sphincters of  anal canal.
  • venous drainage of rectum and anal canal.
  • pelvic diaphragm.
  • perineal body.

Q4. Describe urinary bladder under the following headings:

  • parts and relations
  • internal features
  • nerve supply
  • Applied

Q5. Describe prostate under the following headings:

  •  location and  capsules
  •  parts, lobes  and zones
  • relations
  • venous drainage
  • Applied

Q6. Describe uterus under the following headings:

  • parts and relations
  • supports
  • lymphatic drainage
  • applied

Q6. Describe ischiorectal fossa under the following headings:

  • boundaries
  • recesses
  • contents
  • applied

Q7. Describe rectum under the following headings:

  • extent and curvatures
  • relations
  • blood supply
  • applied

Q8. Describe anal canal under the following headings:

  • parts
  • internal features
  • sphinters
  • venous drainage
  • applied

Q9. write the anatomical basis of the following:

  • extravasation of urine to lower part of anterior abdominal wall in case of rupture of spongy urethra.
  • pudendal nerve block
  •  ischioanal hernia.
  • unilateral abscess  of ischioanal fossa may become bilateral
  •  automatic bladder
  • autonomous bladder
  • atonic bladder
  • enlargement of median lobe of prostate obstructs the outflow of urine.
  • prolapse of uterus
  • internal haemorrhoids
  • anorectal fistula

 

 

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