Lower Limb – Important Questions

Q1. Enumerate:

  1. Structures piercing cribriform fascia/ passing through saphenous opening.
  2. Branches of femoral artery
  3. Muscles supplied by femoral nerve
  4. Branches of profunda femoris artery
  5. Muscles supplied by obturator nerve
  6. Structures passing through the greater sciatic notch
  7. Structures passing through the lesser sciatic notch.
  8. Arteries participating in trochanteric anastomosis.
  9. Arteries participating in cruciate anastomosis.
  10. Branches of tibial nerve in the popliteal fossa
  11. Branches of popliteal artery.
  12. Areas of lower limb draining into  medial , lateral and vertical groups of superficial inguinal lymph nodes
  13. Muscles of the anterior/extensor compartment of leg and their nerve supply.
  14. Muscles of the lateral/peroneal compartment of leg and their nerve supply.
  15. Muscles of the posterior/flexor compartment of leg and their nerve supply.
  16. Structures passing deep to superior extensor retinaculum from medial to lateral side.
  17. Structures passing deep to flexor retinaculum from medial to lateral side.
  18. Muscles inserted on the upper part of the medial surface of tibia and their nerve supply.
  19. Muscles responsible for dorsiflexion of foot.
  20. Muscles responsible for plantar flexion of foot.
  21. Muscles responsible for inversion of foot.
  22. Muscles responsible for eversion of foot.
  23. Muscles supplied by femoral nerve.
  24. Muscles supplied by obturator nerve.
  25. Muscles supplied by deep peroneal nerve.
  26. Muscles supplied ny superficial peroneal nerve.
  27. Muscles supplied by medial planter nerve
  28. Muscles supplied by lateral plantar nerve.

Q2. Describe briefly:

  1. Femoral triangle (location, boundaries, contents and applied)
  2. Femoral sheath  ( formation, compartments,  contnets and applied)
  3. Femoral canal and  femoral hernia
  4. Adductor canal
  5. Hamstring muscles
  6. Action of gluteus medius & minimus & Trendelenburg’s sign
  7. Popliteal fossa
  8. Arches of foot.
  9. Venous drainage of lower limb
  10. Lymphatic drainage of lower limb

Q3. Write anatomical basis of:

  1. Meralgia paresthetica
  2. Sleeping foot
  3. Foot drop
  4. Medial meniscus of knee joint is more commonly injured as compared to lateral meniscus

Q4. Describe the venous drainage of lower limb under the following heading:

  1. Superficial, perforating and deep veins
  2. Factors that help in venous return
  3. Applied anatomy

Q5. Describe hip joint under the following headings:

  1. Type of joint and articular surfaces
  2. Capsule and ligaments
  3. Movements and muscles responsible
  4. Applied anatomy

Q5. Describe Knee joint under the following headings:

  1. Type of joint and articular surfaces
  2. Capsule and ligaments
  3. Movements and muscles responsible
  4. Applied anatomy

Q7. Describe femoral nerve under the following headings:

  1.  origin
  2. Course
  3. Structures innervated ( motor and sensory nerve supply)
  4. Applied

Q8. Describe sciatic nerve under the following headings:

  1.  origin
  2. Course
  3. Structures innervated ( motor and sensory nerve supply)
  4. Applied

Q7. Describe deep peroneal nerve under the following headings:

  1.  origin
  2. Course
  3. Structures innervated ( motor and sensory nerve supply)
  4. Applied

Q6. Draw labelled diagrams of the following:

  1. Boundaries and contents of femoral triangle
  2. Femoral sheath
  3. Boundaries and contents of popliteal fossa
  4. Adductor canal

 

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