Abdomen – Important Questions

Q1. Enumerate the:

  1. Muscles of anterior abdominal wall and their actions.
  2. Arteries supplying anterior abdominal wall.
  3. Contents of rectus sheath.
  4. Contents of inguinal canal.
  5. Boundaries of Hesselbach’s triangle.
  6. coverings of direct and indirect inguinal hernias.
  7. Contents of spermatic cord.
  8. Functions of peritoneum.
  9. Intraperitoneal organs.
  10. Retroperitoneal organs.
  11.  Structures lying at the transpyloric plane.
  12. Contents of lesser omentum.
  13. Contents of greater omentum.
  14. Contents of linorenal ligament.
  15. Contents of mesentery.
  16. Structures crossed by mesentery.
  17. Branches of coeliac trunk.
  18. Branches of superior mesentric artery.
  19. Branches of inferior menenteric artery.
  20.  Branches of abdominal aorta.
  21. Tributaries of inferior vena cava.
  22.  Tributaries of left renal vein.
  23.  Tributaries f portal vein.
  24. sites of portocaval anastomosis.
  25. Arteries supplying stomach.
  26. Structures forming stomach bed.
  27. Visceral relations of spleen.
  28. Visceral relations of liver.
  29.  Anterior relations of right and left kidney.
  30. Posterior relations of left and right kidney.
  31.  Branches of  lumbar plexus with their root value.
  32. Components of  extra-hepatic biliary apparatus.
  33. Various positions of the tip of appendix.
  34. Posterior relations of  caecum.
  35. Differences between  jejunum and ileum.
  36. Differences between small and large intestine.

Q2. Write short notes on :

  1. Lesser sac.
  2. Epiploic foramen.
  3. Lymphatic drainage of stomach.
  4. Sub phrenic and sub hepatic spaces.
  5. Hepatorenal pouch/morrison’s pouch.
  6. Second part of duodenum.
  7. Extrahepatic biliary apparatus.
  8. Suprarenal glands.
  9.  Thoracolumbar fascia.
  10. Portocaval ansatomosis.
  11. Appendix.
  12. Caecum.
  13.  Differences between direct and indirect inguinal hernias.

Q3. Describe rectus sheath under the following headings.

  1.  Formation
  2. Contents
  3. Applied

Q4. Describe inguinal canal under the following headings.

  1. Location and extent
  2. Boundaries
  3. Contents
  4.  Protective mechanisms
  5. Appplied

Q5. Describe stomach under the following headings:

  1. Location and parts
  2. Blood supply
  3. Lymphatic drainage
  4. Stomach bed
  5. Applied anatomy.

Q6. Describe pancreas under the following headings:

  1. Location and parts
  2. Relations
  3. Arterial supply
  4. Applied anatomy

Q7. Describe  right/left diney under the following headings:

  1. Location and extent
  2.  Gross features
  3. Relations
  4. Applied aspect

Q8. Draw labelled diagram of the following:

  1. Formation of rectus sheath.
  2. Cross section of spermatic cord
  3.  Vertical disposition of peritoneum
  4.  Horizontal dispostion of peritoneum at the level of epiploic foramen
  5. Arterial supply of stomach
  6. Lymphatic drainage of stomach
  7. Structures forming stomach bed.
  8. Various position of apex of appendix.

Q9. Give anatomical basis of:

  1. Varicocele is more  common on the left side.
  2. In case of paramedian incision in  anterior abdominal wall, rectus abdominis is  retracted laterally .
  3. Pain  in case of appendicitis is referred to the skin around umbilicus.
  4. Caput medusae
  5. In cholecystitis pain is referred to the tip of right shoulder.
  6. Gastric ulcers are common along the lesser curvature.






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