Large intestine

Learning Objectives

After reading this post you will know

  • Parts of large intestine.
  • Cardinal features of large intestine.
  • Differences between small and large intestine.
  • Nerve supply of large intestine.
  • Posterior relations of caecum.
  • Peritoneal  recesses around caecum.
  • Applied aspects –  volvulus, diverticulosis, Hirschsprung’s disease or congenital megacolon.

 

Parts of Large intestine

Parts of Large intestine

 

Cardinal Features of Large Intestine

Cardinal Features of Large Intestine

 

Differences Between Small  and Large Intestine

Q. Enumerate the differences between the small and large intestine.   Feature	Small Intestine	Large Intestine Length	6-7 mtrs.	1.5mtrs. Caliber	Narrower	Wider Taeniae coli	Absent	Present Sacculations	Absent	Present Appendices epiploicae	Absent	Present Villi	Present	Absent Plicae circulars	Present 	Absent Peyer’s patches	Present in ileum	Absent Crypts of liberkuhn	Crypts contain absorptive cells and paneth cells	Crypts contain numerous goblet cells , few absorptive cells and no paneth cells

 

Parasympathetic Innervation of  Large intestine

Parasympathetic Innervation of  Large intestine

 

 Volvulus, Diverticulosis, Hirschsprung’s Disease or Congenital Megacolon

 Volvulus, Diverticulosis, Hirschsprung’s Disease or Congenital Megacolon

 

Caecum- Location, Relations, Recesses and Applied Aspect

Caecum- Location, Relations, Recesses and Applied Aspect

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